How to Grow Plumeria: A Complete Guide for Owners

By John

Plumeria, also known as the frangipani plant, are the tropical plants that have domestication in tropical areas and are most commonly associated with the Hawaiian islands. Since the plumeria is native to tropical regions and specifically belongs to Hawaii, it got its title – the traditional Hawaiian Leis Flower.

Plumeria flowers are extremely beautiful and highly fragrant flowers. The Plumeria flowers have rounded petals and are said to be a representation of the beauty found in nature. As house plants, Plumerias are very good decorative items. Plumeria, being the most adorable garden plant in the entire world, is also called frangipani, Pagoda tree, and Jasmine in the West Indian region. Plumeria flowers can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical conditions and is a sizable shrub.

Key Takeaways

  • Plumerias are popular tropical plants and can be easily grown in any kind of zone, provided with the required conditions.
  • The best time to grow plumeria plants is in the early summer. With proper care, and conditions like proper drainage, ample sunlight, and better soil, the plumeria produces waxy flowers.
  • Pruning in all conditions is necessary for the growth and grooming of the plant. With pruning, you slash out the unnecessary and dead branches.
  • Plumeria is native to tropical regions, hence exposing it to freezing and chilling temperatures will damage the plant highly.

There are a total of 9 different species of plumeria, and they are all native to Mexico and other parts of Central America. Plumeria Rubra, Plumeria Obtusa, Plumeria Pudica, and Plumeria Alba are some common forms of well-known varieties of the Plumeria. 

There are more than 1000 different varieties of Plumeria plants that are currently available in the global market because of the largest varieties being grown in the blooming horticultural industry in the world. 

Just like a rainbow, plumeria plants are available in all rainbow colors including beautiful yellow, gold, orange, pink, peach, mango, violet, blood red, white flowers, and many more. They also occur in tints ranging from bright white to deep crimson, butter lemon to delicate pink, and many others. 

The Plumeria plants are indeed refreshing in nature. The super fragrance of the plant ranges, including coconut, jasmine, rose, honeysuckle, raspberry, etc. Another interesting fact about the plumeria plants is that all the varied frangipani have different and distinctive scents.

The Plumeria plants are such beautiful flowers that almost all plant lovers wish to have them as an ornament for their gardens. But for every plant, be it small or big, there is a certain method of sowing, and growing. Hence, if you are the one who is interested in growing Plumeria in your garden then you should know how to grow plumeria and at least the basics of growing plumeria.

How to Grow Plumeria?

In order to grow plumeria flowers in your garden, first, check out the suitable conditions. Like any other plant, the basic requirements for a plumeria tree are very common, having a good and fertile soil surface, good watering and drainage system, and full sun.

The main purpose of this article is to provide information regarding frangipani plants, whether you can grow plumeria indoors or not, and learn about the basic requirements of the plant to encourage flowering in it.

Plumeria Plants Care Guide

Plumeria is a beautiful plant with extremely fragrant flowers. Growing a healthy Plumeria tree must be definitely one of the to-do tasks of every passionate gardener. So here is the guide to growing plumeria plants so that they can bloom profusely.

Planting of Plumeria Plants

Flowers have the power to bless and power up your whole day, and plumeria is actually a quite cheerful plant. Plumeria plants are delicate with fragrant flowers with lustrous leaves. It is indeed beautiful and it is very easy to take care of the plumeria plants.

Best Season to Grow Plumeria

First of all, you need to know the best season to grow plumeria. Since plumerias are tropical plants, the best time to grow plumeria plants is during the early summer and spring. Actually, being a bit more technical, the best time to plant the plumeria seeds and apply fertilizers is during the onset of spring and summer.

Soil Requirements for Plumeria

Now starting with some important factors required for the growth of plumeria plants. The first important requirement is the soil. The soil used to sow the plumeria seeds should be highly fertile and rich in nitrogen. Apart from that, the solid should contain phosphorus in it as phosphorus helps the seedlings to become mature plumeria plants and bloom flowers nicely.

To plant plumeria in the container or the pot, firstly place some gravel at the core bottom before filling in the potting soil. later, add the soil to the container. On the other hand, the garden plumeria blooms even better than the potted plumeria, because in the ground the roots of the plant get ample space to stretch down, and hence can gain most of the nutrients required for growth. To plant plumeria in the garden, dig the soil to 3-4 inches in depth and coarse it with gravel and sand, and then fill the past with the soil.

An important point to be remembered while planting plumeria seeds in the soil is to keep a check on the draining of the soil. There should be a good drainage system in the soil, with zero clogging problems. If the water holding capacity of the soil won’t, be good, then there are chances of plants getting dried out. Also, there should be water clogging, as it may lead to the problems of root rot.

Care and Maintenance of Plumeria Plants

Plumeria thrives in well-drained warm moist soil. They require full sun to grow properly and will endure partial shade. The soil should be loam or Sandy loam rich with some clay texture. And the pH of the soil should be mildly acidic ranging between 6.0 to 6.5. So on providing the required conditions, you can plant your plumeria indoors and outdoors.

During its growth cycle, the plumeria requires frequent watering, however, it does not need watering in the winter season. Still, the soil should be kept equitably moist during its lifespan so that the roots may develop properly and are not damaged by drought conditions.

Watering Plumeria Plants

There are two different methods of watering plumeria plants. Either you can water the plumeria once or twice per week. Along with watering the plant make sure to fertilize it with good fertilizers every 3 to 4 weeks. 

Another way of watering plumeria is to water it when it dries out completely. To check the amount of moisture present in the soil you can take a sample finger test where you place your two fingers in the top 3 inches of the soil. If you feel the moisture in the soil on your fingers then do not water the plant.

If the soil is completely dry then you can torrent the container or soil with water until water starts to come out from the holes of the pot from its base.

Fertilizing the Soil for Plumeria Trees

In addition to meeting the water needs of plumeria, you should also feed the plant with proper nutrients and an ample amount of fertilizers. Fertilizing is especially crucial for the proper development of frangipani species that are specifically grown in containers

The best fertilizer to be used for growing plumeria plants is one that contains high Phosphorus mixture because Phosphorus is an utmost essential mineral that encourages blooming in plumeria plants.

It is also essential to use a high phosphate fertilizer because plumeria plants will start to have strong branches only when they blossom nicely.

However, you should make sure that the elements or the food provided to the plant have a lower content of Nitrogen because too much Nitrogen may cause the growth of foliage at the expense of blooming which will then have an impact on branching.

As far as the nature of fertilizer is concerned both liquid and solid fertilizers can be used but experts advise using granular fertilizers more. 

If you are using a fertilizer that is water soluble in nature then ideally you should choose the one that has a Phosphorus ratio of at least 50% or even higher. However, in granular fertilizers, the Phosphorus concentration can be limited to 20%

Frangipani plants, however, require moderately acidic soil. Regular fertilizer is probably going to make the soil more acidic, which could harm the plant and may lead to diseased branches too.

To avoid this, add 1-two tbsp of Epsom salt to the substrate of potted Plumeria once a month when watering. Additionally, it will assist avoid burned leaves.

Pruning of Plumeria Trees

Pruning is a process, in which the dead and diseased branches of the plant are slashed out from the plant to avoid overgrowth of the plant. Primarily there are two important reasons for pruning the plant- to avoid overgrowth and maintain shape and restrict diseases.

The basic rule of gardening plumeria cuttings and any other plant is that if you notice any bud or branch in the plant that is diseased, then remove it as soon as possible. This rule applies to all seasons, be it spring, summer, or winter.

The second important reason for pruning plumeria is to give them a shape. if not trimmed time-to-time, then the plants start to overgrow and get de-shaped. In the case of plumeria, it becomes even more important as it is an ornamental flower. So if you really care for plumeria, then regular pruning is a must.

How to Prune Plumeria Trees

Follow the simple steps given below to prune your plumeria tree. There are a number of pruning instruments like pruning saws, pruning scissors, pruning knives, etc.

Pruning of Plumeria can be done for two purposes.

  1. Pruning for preventing diseased branches
    In order to prune the plumeria to prevent the spread of disease in the plant by diseased branches, cut the afflicted material at least 1 inch below the surface, and throw away any infected stems or leaves right once; composting them could have a negative impact on future plant growth.
  2. Pruning for Shaping the Plant
    Second, to shape the grown-up plant, and avoid overgrowth, you must keep in mind that you are promoting new growth and enhancing the development of fragrant flowers. Trim the plant gently just over a node or where a stem joins a main branch.

Protecting Plumeria Trees from Pest and Diseases

With plumeria as with many other plants, we first detect a problem when the leaves begin to turn yellow then brown, and eventually fall off. We definitely wait eagerly for the blooming of buds but they never open or fall off without blossoming.

If plumeria has all the proper environmental conditions like enough light, enough water, and a fertilization schedule still the flowers are not blooming then check the plant for pests.

There are a number of plumerias best like spider mites, white flies, thrips, scales, slugs, and snails.

Treating the Plumeria with Pests

If you really want to care for plumeria, then the first and most important way to treat the pests is to watch out for the plant with a strong jet of water. This is because spider mites want a dryer environment to multiply and survive and with the application of water a moist environment is created that discourages the growth of spider mites.

Apart from the water Jet idea you can also pray the name oil or any other insecticidal soap to the plants. This suffocates the insects and they eventually die.

Environmental Considerations

Environmental considerations for Plumeria are very important. Although plumeria is not a very high-maintenance plant, the beauty of the flower appears when it blooms completely. For a plumeria to be at its best appearance, all the necessary conditions like adequate water, sunlight, fertilized soil, and required food plants should be provided regularly.

Best Location and Time for Growing Plumeria

It is not hard to find a suitable environment for growing plumeria plants.

Yet, because plumeria trees are tropical plants, if given the right growing conditions, they may also be cultivated successfully in other climatic zones.

Choose the area: In the garden or indoors, plumeria needs strong sunlight or full sun to grow. However the best active growing season for plumeria is early spring, still, due to their low cold tolerance, you can think about setting your plumeria in a container with drainage holes so you may bring it indoors during the winter.

Sow when it’s warm: It is recommended to sow your plumeria in the early spring or any other time during the growing season’s warm weather.

Get the soil ready: Choose a potting medium with perlite and sand that drains well and is somewhat acidic, such as a cactus potting mix.

Plant the Plumeria: After preparing the soil, now it’s time for planting the plumeria. For this, dig a hole in the soil, as deep and wide as the root ball in the soil. Place the root ball firmly inside the soil so that it gets embedded completely.

Final touch-up: Now finally fill the hole with soil and pat it nicely. Then water the soil, but do not overwater it. Avoid water clogging.


Growing plumeria in the garden is the dream of every passionate gardener. If you are the one, then definitely you should have one in yours too. Growing plumeria is not as difficult as it seems to be. Its just Plumeria is a plant that requires maintenance and regular attention.

Providing suitable conditions for the plant, you can easily grow plumeria indoors and outdoors too.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the best conditions for growing Plumeria?

The best conditions required for the growth of plumeria is that plant should be kept in proper sunlight, where it is exposed to full sun, high moisture, and high-quality fertile soil.

When is the best time to plant Plumeria?

Warm climates are the best season to plant plumeria. This is because plumeria needs direct sunlight for full growth and perfect blooming.

How often should I water my Plumeria plant?

Initially, water the plant regularly for 3-4 months. Later when the leaves start to appear, then you can water it as the routine course.

How do I know if my Plumeria plant is getting enough sunlight?

If the color of the plumeria turned yellow then you should mark that plant is not getting enough sunlight and you should shift the young plants to the area that receives bright sunlight.

Can Plumeria plants survive frost and freezing temperatures?

Plumeria plants Bloom in the early spring season. And being an Early spring plant it blooms nicely in the tropical climates of zone 10 or more. That is why it cannot tolerate the lower temperature.

How do I fertilize my Plumeria plant?

The best method to prune the plumeria is to mark the cut above the joint of two branches for about 5 cm deep.

What should I do if my Plumeria plant is not blooming?

If your plumeria is not blooming then check for all the required conditions like warm weather fast draining soil and regular prone to remove disease and dead branches.

How do I prune and shape my Plumeria plant?

The best method to prune the plumeria is to mark the cut above the joint of two branches for about 5 cm deep.

What pests and diseases can affect my Plumeria plant?

A. There are many pests like 6 spotted Spider mites and Eotetranychus Sexmaculatus and diseases like plumeria rust can affect your plumeria plant.

Are there any special care instructions for Plumeria during the winter months?

Plumeria is an indoor and outdoor plant at the same time hence plumeria winter care can be easily performed by keeping the plant indoors, planted in potting soil, and at a place that receives good sunlight.

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